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go get vaccinated!

I got vaccinated today and I recommend that you do the same. It’s the only rational choice out there. Denying effectiveness of the vaccines sets us back some 300 years. Back then, in early 18th century, science-based knowledge was still a privilege only few could share.

Stay healthy and don’t be afraid of the needle!

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stillness of the early spring lakes

Spring in former West and East Prussia has been reluctant to come this year. Although the last days of March were promising, April brought only a handful of warm days. Not that’s unusual. It’s rather typical in this part of Europe. Polish geographer Stanisław Srokowski already in the interwar period noticed that on average merely 5 months can be considered warm on a vast territory stretching from the Drwęca river (Drewenz) to Paarnu in Estonia.

Thus, Prussian spring comes whenever it pleases. Some might think its unpredictability is unpleasant but I strongly oppose such thinking. There is much charm it brings along with its procrastinated arrival. Bright April sun casts lots of light onto the bare land. It opens up new possibilities to wander in forests, patiently waiting for high temperatures before they go green again. Lakes are still and, since it is usually windy these days, they offer a degree of freshness that can otherwise be experienced only on the seashore.

This is one of the first shots I took with a medium format camera. It was exactly two weeks ago on Easter Day. Others are still in the works, queuing uo for development, scanning and editing.

The picture shows an island on the Jeziorak Lake opposite the village of Siemiany (Schwalgendorf). The Jeziorak shores there are usually busy during the summer but now they are still peaceful and somewhat sleepy. The side that I photographed remains so throughout most of the season. There are fewer tourists there but you can still say it’s summer because the lake is crowded with yachts and boats.

That day, however, it was almost completely empty, providing comforting tranquility. Notice the schooling of clouds. That day they were travelling westwards, pushed by the wind which, although still cold, was fresh and springy, beaconing the upcoming change.

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Comemmorating Seweryn Pieniężny

Thanks to cooperation with newkaliningrad.ru and przegladbaltycki.pl web portals, I co-authored an article in Polish and Russian on Seweryn Pieniezny. He was a prominent figure of the Ermland (Warmia in Polish) province in the early 20th century and the interwar period. He fought for keeping the region’s identity and its strong ties with Polish language and culture. Pieniężny was arrested by German authorities on September 1st, 1939, and detained in the Hohenbruch labour/concentration camp. He was murdered there on February 24th, 1940.

The articles were published as a part of my work as Vice-Consul at Consulate General of Poland in Kaliningrad.
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[Polish-only] O Żeleznodorożnym w “Przeglądzie Bałtyckim”

W tym tygodniu zadebiutowałem na łamach portalu “Przegląd Bałtycki” tekstem poświęconym miejscowości Żeleznodorożnyj, przed którą od lat stoją poważne wyzwania rozwojowe: https://przegladbaltycki.pl/17084,kapitalne-gierdawy….

Czy tzw. remont kapitalny, stosunkowo nowy pomysł władz regionalnych, zwiększy atrakcyjność przedwojennych Gierdaw? Debiut ma również wymiar fotograficzny, ponieważ artykułowi towarzyszą zdjęcia mojego autorstwa. Dziękuję redakcji “PB” za współpracę!

Moje zdjęcia Żeleznodorożnego można również znaleźć na tej stronie internetowej.

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Videos about the Elbląg Canal available in Russian

The Elbląg Canal is perhaps the only artificial large inland waterway close to Kaliningrad Oblast. Created in 1840s-1860s, it allowed for transporting wood and other products from Upper Prussia to the Baltic Sea ports. Thanks to the Navicula Association we’ve prepared Russian translations of five promotional videos about the Canal so that an even greater number of Kaliningraders (and Russian speakers worldwide) can learn more about this wonderful piece of water engineering.

I hope to see you all onboard the ships once the pandemic is over!

In the meantime, take a look at the videos:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6uiq_NujDE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l1CvJqSbpvQ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JFJojyRiK0o

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1ntrnMHP_c

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AgsYtctG2XA

They’re also available in Polish, English and German!

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100 years of Polish consular presence in Königsberg/Kaliningrad

Last year we celebrated the 100th anniversary of Polish consular presence in Koenigsberg/Kaliningrad. On this occasion, together with my colleagues we worked on a small commemorating piece for Korolievskiye Vorota. The article got published in December 2020. Big thanks to everyone that helped this initiative come to life!

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in search of the sustainable darkroom

If you ever developed a roll of film, you probably did it in your apartment’s bathroom. You were carefully counting the time needed for every step of the ritual: development, stop bath, fixation and final wash. But do you remember what you did with all the chemicals you used? I bet you poured them (like most of us) into the sink, not giving it much thought.

Maybe, since you develop films only occasionally, such a small amount of lab fluids will do no one harm? But think broader: how many people do the same especially now when analogue photography popular again? I guess millions would be a considerable underestimation…

A northern England collective tries to address the impact chemicals used in photography have on the plant. If you want to know more about their endeavours, have a look at the article published at 35mmc.com : https://www.35mmc.com/17/01/2021/northern-sustainable-darkroom-helping-analogue-go-green-by-edd-carr/.

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submerging in ponarth

The Pregel, flowing through Kaliningrad Oblast and finding its way to Vistula Lagoon just outside of Kaliningrad, is a peculiar river. It starts where two other streams – Angerapp and Alle – join. At some point in time the current became so strong that the Pregel bifurcated into Pregel proper and Deime. Yet it was still not enough to keep the element at bay. Just outside of Kaliningrad, water flow gets so immense that the river meanders, creating islands and meadows so swampy that they have to remain largely uninhabited and serve only for summerhouses and fishing spots.

The Pregel has behaved this way for centuries. Its wildness and caprices probably got envisaged in the name of an old Pruthenian settlement which later became a village and, subsequently, a neighbourhood within Königsberg – Ponarth. The word is believed to mean either behind the edge or diving, submerging, whirling. In both cases, it clearly refers to Pregel and its wetlands which still separate this part of Kaliningrad from the historic down town.

Ponarth’s golden age began in mid-19th century along with advancing industrialisation and construction of the East Prussian Railway, connecting Berlin with Königsberg. The rural village quickly transformed into a town with a brewery, a city-like park, a neo-Gothic church and a sports club called MTV. Especially the former became the stimulus for the settlement’s growth. Founded in 1849, the brewery produced an astonishing 90,000 tons of beer a year. It was famous across all Germany.

Ponarth’s neo-Gothic church is now an Orthodox khram.

Such mass-scale production required manpower. The number of Ponarth’s inhabitants rose from 3,500 to over 8,000 in just 5 years between 1895 and 1900. Construction of houses that followed the population boom actually blended the town into Königsberg. Five years later Ponarth found itself within the administrative borders of the city and was officially transformed into a suburban area. It has been busy and lively every since, always retaining a colouring of its own.

Kievskaya Street is former Ponarth’s axis.

World War Two left Ponarth damaged, but not destroyed, similarly to the west of Königsberg (usually referred to as Amalienau or Hufen). Most importantly, the district’s main factories continued to function. As military officers and clerks moved in comfortable villas and semi-detached houses of Hufen, and the southwest, so did industrial workers in Ponarth’s poorer dwellings and brick houses. This made Ponarth repopulate quickly with newcomers from all over Soviet Union.

Old brick houses, although neglected and partly modified, have retained its charm.

In 1947, two years after the war had ended and a year after Königsberg was renamed into Kaliningrad. the district was incorporated into the the newly created Baltiyskiy Rayon (Baltic District). Because of its new inhabitants and decades-long lack of investment in infrastructure, the name became a regional local synonym for shabbiness and roughness. Some people even called it ‘the bear’s corner’, advising not to go there without a clear reason.

Although Baltrayon ceased to exist in 2009 due to administrative reforms, Kaliningraders have kept memory of its special charm. Most people who are even a tiny bit interested in the history of the city remember the Zhigulyovskoye beer which continued the pre-war traditions. The historic brewery is still there although now it’s largely devastated and impossible to serve its purpose.

Ponarth’s brewery.

Is it justified to say that Ponarth, still exists? On one hand, the neighbourhood for 75 years has been part of Soviet/Russian Kaliningrad belonging to Soviet Union/Russian Federation. Inhabitants, street names and many other things have altered. On the other hand, the memory of Ponarth, its rich history and charm not only has survived but has also been cherished by many contemporary Kaliningraders. Plus, even they keep using the old name. At least in this sense Ponarth has not sunken into oblivion.

All photos were taken during two photo walks in October and Novermber 2020 using Minolta X-500 and various Minolta Rokkor lenses. Films were developed, scanned and edited to taste by me using Plustek OpticFilm 8200i, Lasersoft SilverFast and DxO PhotoLab.